Here is the explanation of will and be going to with examples.

– We use both “Will” and “Be Going to” to express future tense but they differ in terms of use. Study the following differences:

a. ‘Will’ is used to express future actions decided at the moment of speaking whereas ‘Going to’ describes future plans decided before the moment of speaking.
– I‘ll take an online class. (will)
– I’m going to study science in + 2 level. (going to)

b. Will is used to indicate a prediction based on personal opinions or experiences whereas going to is used to express a prediction based on present evidence.
– I think I will pass in the exam. (will)
– There are dark clouds in the sky. It is going to rain. (going to)

c. Will is used to make a promise, an offer, a threat or refusal.
A promise: I promise I will buy you an ice cream.
An offer: I‘ll prepare tea for you if you like.
A threat: I‘ll report you to the police.
A refusal: No, I won’t tell you the secret.


Q. Match the expressions with their functions.

a. A: What do you want to take?
B: I’ll have tea, please.
b. A: Are you free this evening?
B: No, I’m going to meet my uncle.
 Expressing a prior plan
c. The day will be a lovely day.  Predicting a future action
d. There is no cloud in the sky.
It’s going to be a lovely day.
Predicting with evidence
e. Don’t worry. I won’t tell anyone. Promising
f. I’ll take you to the movies if you like.  Offering
g. I’ll tell your parents what you did.  Threatening


Q. Choose the correct answer.

a. A: Are you busy this evening?

B: Yes, I………………the movies. (will go/am going to)

– I am going to the movies.

b. A: Where are you going for holiday this summer?

B: Not sure yet. Maybe I………to Ilam. (will go/am going to)

– Maybe I will go to Ilam.

c. I think you……like this movie. (will /are going to)

– I think you will like this movie.

d. I can’t join you at the party, I………be away for two weeks. (will /am going to)

– I am going to be away for two weeks.

e. This exercise looks really hard. I……………help you. (will/am going to)

– I will help you.

f. A: Hello. Can I speak to Sima, please?

B: Just a minute. I………get her. (will/am going to)

– I will get her.

g. Perhaps she………pass the exam. (will/is going to)

– Perhaps she will pass the exam.

h. ‘I haven’t got my phone.’ ‘That’s OK. I………lend you mine.’ (will/am going to)

– I will lend you mine


Q. Complete the sentences using will or be going to with the verbs.

a. Hari: Did you call Bina?

Prem: Oh, I forgot. I…………her now. (call)

– I will call her now.

b. Sunita: Have you got a ticket for the play?

Hema: Yes, I…………it on Saturday. (watch)

– I am going to watch it on Saturday.

c. ‘The alarm is ringing. It’s making an awful noise.’ ‘OK, I……it off.’ (switch)

– I will switch it off.

d. Do you think they………the presents we got for them? (like)

– Do you think they will like the presents we got for them?

e. ‘Lok is starting university tomorrow.’ ‘What………study?’ (he/study)

– What is he going to study?

f. If I meet him, I………him the news. (tell)

– I will tell him the news.

g. The phone is ringing. I………it. (answer)

– I will answer it.

h. If you don’t stop bullying her, I……… the teacher. (tell)

– I will tell the teacher.

Reading Suggestion:

Relative Clauses, Unit 11, Class 11, English